I read a pair of really good articles today about Roman Dacia. What I can only describe as one of the most turbulent parts of the Roman Empire, even beyond what can be called the Roman Empire, and many stress that there were Dacians living in this region when Constantine the Great resettled some Samartian barbarians after defeating the Goths in 328 CE.
I read some interesting points about the depopulation of “Native Dacians.” Many of the soldiers who had rebelled against Roman rule who survived combat were generally conscripted by the Romans into a number of Roman Legions as part of the auxiliary corps. Many of them were often shipped to places as far away as Britain, Cappadocia (Eastern Turkey) and the campaigns against the Parthians. (Iran)
Upon returning from military service, provided these men were veterans and had been discharged from the military, were given Roman citizenship and were re-settled into their homeland areas. By this time, it only makes sense that a typical “Romanisation” of these conscripted groups would introduce a far more “Roman” set of customs into the Dacian province. Also, under Trajan after 105 CE, it would make sense that an imported group of Romans being introduced to the Dacian lands to be “peacekeepers” would compel some of these men to marry natives and have “Roman” Dacians who were not native–born.
The article here states:
” Dacia Superior comprised Transylvania, under a praetorian legate and supported by a single legion at Apulum (Alba Iulia), while Dacia Inferior—in what was afterward Walachia—was governed by a procurator.” – Encyclopaedia Britannica.
This fortification took place under the rule of Trajan, but by the time of Emperor Commodus, Apulum and Napoca had grown large enough to each be upgraded to “Colonia”